Bangalore: Today is World Hepatitis Day. The day is celebrated under the theme ‘One Life, One Liver’ to create special awareness about the rising incidence of hepatitis. Liver infection is caused by a virus called hepatitis. Hepatitis is a dangerous disease and India aims to become a hepatitis free country by 2030.
The National Viral Hepatitis Control Program is a comprehensive plan that aims to prevent and control hepatitis A, B, C, D and E and make the country hepatitis free by 2030.
What is hepatitis disease? : A disease characterized by inflammation of the liver is called hepatitis. This inflammation is spread by chronic alcohol consumption or hepatitis viruses. Hepatitis is a disease that slowly destroys the liver. There are types of hepatitis A, B, D and E. So it is very important to take precautions against this disease and to know the symptoms of this disease. But there is a feeling of negligence in most of the people about this disease. Because of this millions of people have died due to hepatitis.
Hepatitis A and E are not that dangerous. But hepatitis B, C and D viruses weaken the liver. It gradually leads to liver cancer. Thus Hepatitis Day is celebrated with the main objective of creating awareness among people about these viruses.
How is hepatitis diagnosed? : Blood tests can detect hepatitis B virus. People should voluntarily undergo a blood test to detect hepatitis B and C virus. This matter needs to be widely publicized. Hepatitis B and C viruses do not cause any symptoms for 10 to 15 years. Eventually the liver becomes completely incompetent. At that stage no other treatment except liver transplant works.
Symptoms of hepatitis are:
- Abdominal pain, burning
- Indigestion and diarrhea
- joint pain
- Yellow colored urine
- Increasing weakness
- Vomiting and nausea
- Adopting the right lifestyle
- Hepatitis-B vaccination (infants, healthcare workers and those at high risk of infection)
- Use of safe blood and its products
- Safe injection
- Complaints from alcohol
- Reduce consumption of low-fat dairy products
- Eating more seasonal vegetables and fruits
- Clean water, clean toilet use and maintaining hygiene
Facilities: Free check-up and laboratory services for hepatitis disease in all government hospitals, free check-up, further laboratory services and treatment in district level government hospital / government medical colleges. For more information, you can contact your nearest health center, said the Department of Health and Family Welfare.